Chemical

Products

Nitromethane

Cas Number

75-52-5

Other Names

Nitrocarbol

The formula

CH3NO2

Introduction

Nitromethane is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3NO2. It is the simplest organic nitro compound. It is a polar liquid commonly used as a solvent in a variety of industrial applications such as in extractions, as a reaction medium, and as a cleaning solvent. As an intermediate in organic synthesis, it is used widely in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, explosives, fibers, and coatings. Nitromethane is used as a fuel in various motorsports and hobbies, e.g. Top Fuel drag racing and miniature internal combustion engines in radio control, control line and free flight model aircraft.

Physical and Chemical Properties
Molar mass 61.04 g/mol
Appearance colorless, oily liquid[2]
Odor Light, fruity[2]
Density 1.1371 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Melting point −28.38 °C (−19.08 °F; 244.77 K)[5]
Boiling point 101.19 °C (214.14 °F; 374.34 K)[5]
Solubility in water ca. 10 g/100 mL
Solubility miscible in diethyl ether, acetone, ethanol[3]
Applications

The principal use of nitromethane is as a stabilizer for chlorinated solvents, which are used in dry cleaning, semiconductor processing, and degreasing. It is also used most effectively as a solvent or dissolving agent for acrylate monomers, such as cyanoacrylates (more commonly known as "super-glue").[7] It is also used as a fuel in some forms of racing.