Cas Number


Other Names


The formula



Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid. It is a clear liquid which is miscible with water and has an ammonia-like odor. It is chemical feedstock for the manufacture of sulfa drugs, other pharmaceuticals, herbicides, pesticides and the manufacture of hydrocyanic acid. It has been used as a softener for paper and fiber.

Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance Liquid
Odor Ammoniacal. Odorless. (Slight.)
Molecular Weight 45.04 g/mole
Color Colorless
Boiling Point 210.5°C (410.9°F)
Flash point 150°C
Melting Point 2.55°C (36.6°F)
Specific Gravity 1.1334 (Water = 1)
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff The product is more soluble in water; log(oil/water) = -1.5
Solubility See solubility in water, diethyl ether, acetone
Formamide assay % Weight > = 99, 0
Methanol % Weight < = 0, 10
Ammonium % < = 0, 10
Colour APHA < = 20
Water % Weight < = 0,100
Iron, Fe ppm < = 1,00

1. Is used in the synthesis of medicine, pesticide, animal glue and other organic compound

2. It is also used as a solvent which ionizes water-insoluble compounds

3. It is used as a softening agent for paper and fiber

4. It is widely used in the fields of the spice, dye, plastic as well as textile industries