Nonylphenols are a family of closely related organic compounds called alkylphenols. They are used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers. These compounds are also precursors to the commercially important non-ionic surfactants alkylphenol ethoxylates and nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are used in detergents, paints, pesticides, personal care products, and plastics. Nonylphenol has attracted attention due to its prevalence in the environment and its potential role as an endocrine disruptor and xenoestrogen, due to its ability to act with estrogen-like activity.
1. Industries – Agriculture, leather processing, metal work, oil field , pulp and paper, textile processing and water treatment
2. Paints and coatings, emulsion and polymerization, adhesives
3. Industrial and institutional cleaners – Hard surface cleaners, circuit board cleaners, industrial dry cleaning/ detergents, metal cleaning, food and dairy
4. House hold cleaning – detergents, laundry prewash, hard surface cleaning, air fresheners