Chemical

Products

Epichlorohydrin

Cas Number

106-89-8

Other Names

Chloromethyl)oxirane

Epichlorohydrin

1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane

γ-Chloropropylene oxide

Glycidyl chloride

The formula

C3H5CI0

Introduction

Epichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide. Despite its name, it is not a halohydrin. It is a colorless liquid with a pungent, garlic-like odor, moderately soluble in water, but miscible with most polar organic solvents. It is a chiral molecule generally existing as a racemic mixture of right-handed and left-handed enantiomers. Epichlorohydrin is a highly reactive compound and is used in the production of glycerol, plastics, epoxy glues and resins, and elastomers. In contact with water, epichlorohydrin hydrolyzes to 3-MCPD, a carcinogen found in food.

Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical state and appearance Clear Colorless Liquid.
Odor Irritating Chloroform-like
Molecular Weight 92.48 g/mole
Boiling Point 115°C (239°F)
Flash point CLOSED CUP: 31°C (87.8°F).
Melting Point -48°C (-54.4°F)
Vapor Pressure: 13 mm of Hg (@ 20°C)
Vapor Density 3.29 (Air = 1)
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff: The product is more soluble in oil; log(oil/water) = 0.3
Dispersion Properties Dispersed in methanol, diethyl ether. Partially dispersed in n-octanol. Very slightly dispersed in cold water, hot water. See solubility in methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol.
Solubility Soluble in methanol, diethyl ether. Partially soluble in n-octanol. Very slightly soluble in cold water, hot water.
Purity 99.95 %
Moisture % 120 ppm
Applications

1. Asphalt improvers, corrosion inhibitors, electrical insulation for wire, filament sizing, Fire-retardant urethanes, hair conditioning rinses, liners for polyethylene bottles

2. Linoleum and linoleum cements, lubricant additives, petroleum production aids, Pharmaceuticals, Photographic film bases

3. Rubber latex coagulation aids, waterproofing compounds, zinc electroplating compounds

4. It also used in cosmetics