Epichlorohydrin (abbreviated ECH) is an organochlorine compound and an epoxide. Despite its name, it is not a halohydrin. It is a colorless liquid with a pungent, garlic-like odor, moderately soluble in water, but miscible with most polar organic solvents. It is a chiral molecule generally existing as a racemic mixture of right-handed and left-handed enantiomers. Epichlorohydrin is a highly reactive compound and is used in the production of glycerol, plastics, epoxy glues and resins, and elastomers. In contact with water, epichlorohydrin hydrolyzes to 3-MCPD, a carcinogen found in food.
1. Asphalt improvers, corrosion inhibitors, electrical insulation for wire, filament sizing, Fire-retardant urethanes, hair conditioning rinses, liners for polyethylene bottles
2. Linoleum and linoleum cements, lubricant additives, petroleum production aids, Pharmaceuticals, Photographic film bases
3. Rubber latex coagulation aids, waterproofing compounds, zinc electroplating compounds
4. It also used in cosmetics